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# Ответы к CES тесту по SOPEP SMPEP для морских специалистов

Страница содержит ответы на CES тест по SOPEP/SMPEP, и служит в качестве базы данных вопросов и ответов, используя которую пользователь может подготовиться к экзаменам по аттестации, получению диплома или свидетельства, либо просто проверить себя в знании тех основ, которые необходимо знать при использовании плана мероприятий по предупреждению разлива нефти.

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Количество отображаемых вопросов: 35.

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For which one of the following would your SOPEP require a pollution to be made?
The oily water separator overboard discharge contained oil above 15 ppm.
The oily water separator pump broke down.
Oil leaked into the drip tray when disconnecting the diesel oil bunker line.
Oil leaked into the drip tray when disconnecting one of the cargo lines at the ship’s manifold.
Which of the following are good ways of preventing operational oil spills from polluting the water around a ship? Select all that apply:
Regular pressure testing of bunker lines on deck.
Plugging deck scuppers.
Frequent checking of the levels in fuel tanks during bunkering.
Which of the following best describes the general scope of a SOPEP?
It must cover the response to any polluting oil discharge: from a small spill to all the oil on the ship.
It must cover the response to any polluting oil discharges resulting from operational spills.
It must cover the response to any polluting oil discharges resulting from a ship becoming disabled by a casualty.
It must cover the response to any oil discharges into the sea.
Which of the following best describes the main aim of the OPRC Convention?
To improve cooperation between governments when oil pollution needs to be cleaned up.
To ensure that oil polluters pay for pollution clean-up costs.
To ensure that oil pollution is detected by a network of spotter planes.
To improve cooperation between governments air/sea rescue services.
Which of the following best describes the main purpose of a SMPEP?
To ensure that chemical pollution is reported to the relevant authorities quickly and effectively.
To ensure that chemical pollution is reported to the harbor master.
To ensure that cargo handling training is provided to crews of chemical tankers.
To ensure that records of chemicals are kept onboard for use during a pollution investigation.
Which of the following best describes the main purpose of a SOPEP?
To ensure that oil pollution is reported to the relevant authorities quickly and effectively.
To ensure that oil pollution is reported to the harbor master.
To ensure that oil pollution is prevented by trained crews.
To ensure that records of oil are kept onboard for use during a pollution investigation.
Which of the following best describes the meaning of “mitigating activities” that will be covered by your SOPEP/SMPEP?
Activities that prevent or reduce the amount of pollution.
Activities that prevent or reduce the ship owners liability for pollution clean-up costs.
Activities that involve monitoring the situation after a casualty.
Activities that involve cleaning up noxious liquids on deck.
Which of the following best describes what you would expect to be covered in Preamble to a SOPEP or SMPEP?
It is a general overview of the plan and introduces the basic concept of the plan.
It is a list of books that must be studied before the plan can be understood.
It is a guide to the route to be taken when doing a deck watch during cargo or bunkering operations in port.
It contains detailed reporting procedures for oil spills.
Which of the following best describes when a SOPEP pollution report must be made, despite the fact that no oil has entered the water?
When something happens on the ship that makes it probable that oil may enter the water soon after.
When there is a serious oil leak into the cargo pump room bilges.
When there is a serious oil leak into the engine room bilges.
When the ship is rolling more than 30 degrees from vertical during a storm.
Which of the following best describes when instructions in a SOPEP or SMPEP can be ignored?
When there is another pollution response plan which takes priority.
Never, the SOPEP/SMPEP must be followed every time.
When the ship is in a US port.
When the ship is in port.
Which of the following best describes when your SOPEP should NOT be used during an oil pollution emergency?
When local laws require a different response procedure.
When oil has spilled on deck but not into the sea.
When the oil pollution emergency occurs inside harbor limits.
When the ship is Not Under Command (NUC).
Which of the following best describes where the master can get up to date information on the contents of a bunker tank that has been found to be leaking throught the hull?
The location of the information will normally be identified in the non mandatory part of the SOPEP/SMPEP.
Find the duty engineer.
Try to find the chief engineer.
Ask the seaman who takes the morning soundings.
Which of the following best describes where you should send pollution reports if you are at sea?
To the nearest coastal State at the contact point given in the IMO list attached to your SOPEP/SMPEP.
To your flag State at the contact point given in the IMO list attached to your SOPEP/SMPEP.
To the harbor master of your last port.
To the harbor master of your next port.
Which of the following best describes where you should send pollution reports if you are inside a harbor?
To the contact point listed in your SOPEP/SMPEP or obtained when arriving at the port.
To the nearest coastal State at the contact point given in the IMO list attached to your SOPEP/SMPEP.
To your agent in the port.
To the harbor master of the port.
Which of the following best describes who decides what has to be covered in a SOPEP or SMPEP?
The IMO content guidelines should be followed.
The technical superintendent can put anything he wants into it.
The marine superintendent decides after having looked at the ship’s trading point.
SOPEPs/SMPEPs are written by IMO approved specialist companies.
Which of the following best describes who else you should send pollution reports to, after the local authorities have been informed?
To the ship interest contacts listed in your SOPEP/SMPEP.
To the ship’s superintendent and insurance company.
To the ship’s superintendent, class society and insurance company.
To the company’s Designated Person Ashore, flag State, class society and insurance company.
Which of the following best describes why SOPEP/SMPEPs often have a section on “public affairs” in them?
To prevent crew from talking to the media.
To set out company policy on talking to the media during an emergency.
To set out company policy on talking to the public while on cargo watch.
To give company policy on crew behavior during shore leave.
Which of the following best describes why SOPEP/SMPEPs often have instructions on the taking of oil samples in them?
To set out company policy on taking oil samples instead of opening machinery for inspection so reducing machinery failures.
To set out company policy on taking samples during a pollution emergency, in case of court proceedings.
To set out safety precautions to prevent injuries while taking oil samples.
To make sure that oil samples are kept for a minimum of 3 years.
Which of the following best describes why a scenario involving “loss of tank environmental control” is required to be covered by a SMPEP?
The cargo may boil off into the air.
The cargo may reach a critical condition, leading to serious damage to the ship and a major leak.
Duplicate environmental control systems are required.
The air pressure on the cargo can cause the tank sides to bend and leak.
Which of the following best describes why a special form is included in your SOPEP or SMPEP for use in making pollution reports?
It ensures that the superintendent gets all the relevant details of the incident.
It ensures that all relevant details are reported and can be understood by persons who do not speak English as their first language.
The form is specially designed to be faxed ashore.
The form is in a special emergency e-mail format which is given priority during sending.
Which of the following best describes why cargo contamination is required to be covered by a SMPEP?
Contaminated cargo may not be accepted ashore in the event of excessive list.
Cargo contamination could lead to a hazardous condition.
Contaminated cargo may not be accepted ashore in the event of a tank overflow.
The cargo contamination could be a result of seawater leaking into the tank.
Which of the following best describes why it is necessary to carry out regular “SOPEP drills”?
It is an IMO requirement to hold SOPEP drills every month.
The plan is of little value if not familiar to the crew.
It is an STCW requirement to hold SOPEP drills every 6 months.
It is an MARPOL requirement to hold SOPEP drills every 3 months.
Which of the following best describes why the SOPEP/SMPEP is required to cover containment system failure and hull failure separately?
Containment system failure is only relevant to noxious liquids cargoes but hull failure effects all ships.
Oil leaks from hull failure will go straight into the water but failed containment systems may allow water pollution to be avoided.
Containment system failure is only relevant to ships with deck tanks but hull failure affects all ships.
Containment system failure would never lead to pollution of the water and it is not covered in a SOPEP.
Which of the following best describes why the “Intervention Convention” may be mentioned in a SOPEP or SMPEP?
It allows coastal States to make the ship owner pay for any pollution caused.
It allows coastal States to dictate actions during a marine pollution incident.
It allows for ships to make an unscheduled port stop if they have a pollution emergency.
SOPEPs/SMPEPs are a requirement of the Intervention Convention.
Which of the following best describes why your SOPEP/SMPEP contains a section on national and local coordination?
The coastal State will organize the clean-up of pollution and coordinate the contractors bills for the ship owner to pay.
Coordination is necessary to keep the effects of a pollution incident small.
The local harbor authority will organize the clean-up of pollution and coordinate the contractors bills for the coastal State to pay.
The ship has to organize the cleanup of pollution and coordinate with the coastal State to ensure the right contractors are used.
Which of the following best describes why your SOPEP/SMPEP may contain a section on salvage?
To provide guidance to master on when salvage assistance should be given to another ship.
To provide guidance to master on when salvage assistance should be sought for their ship.
To provide the contact details of salvage tugs worldwide.
A section on salvage is mandatory in a SOPEP.
Which of the following is the best reason why casualties causing “hazardous vapor release” are required to be covered by your SOPEP/SMPEP?
Vapor release will rapidly fall down, leading to oil pollution of the water.
The function of the SMPEP is to minimize air pollution.
The vapor released may lead to the main engine failing due to lack of air.
Vapor release may lead to a fire and explosion followed by major oil pollution.
Which one of the following best describes which ships need a carry a SOPEP onboard?
All oil tankers and all other ships over 400 GT.
Only ships over 400 GT.
All oil tankers.
Oil tankers over 150 GT and all other ships over 400 GT.
Which one of the following best describes which ships need a carry a SMPEP onboard?
All ships that carry noxious liquids of any type.
Ships that carry noxious liquid cargoes that are over 400 GT.
All ships that carry noxious liquid cargoes.
Ships that carry noxious liquid cargoes that are over 150 GT.
Which one of the following describes a “mitigating activity” that may be found in a SOPEP/SMPEP?
All ships that carry noxious liquids of any type.
Ships that carry noxious liquid cargoes that are over 400 GT.
All ships that carry noxious liquid cargoes.
Ships that carry noxious liquid cargoes that are over 150 GT.
Which one of the following is a safety precaution that might be required by your ship’s SMPEP after a small spillage of noxious liquid onto deck?
All noxious liquid spills are to be washed over the side as quickly as possible.
Sports training shoes should be worn to prevent slips.
All noxious liquid spills are to be left to evaporate away naturally.
Protective clothing is to be worn during spill clean-up.
Which one of the following is a way that you can minimize pollution after a bunker tank has overflowed?
Shut the tank filling valve.
Close the tank vent.
Open the tank vent.
Transfer some oil from the over full tank to an empty one.
Which one of the following is an important consideration, after your ship has run aground, that should be covered by your SOPEP/SMPEP?
The EPIRB will broadcast the ship’s position to shore.
Grounding on sand may cause less damage than grounding on rock.
The GPS uses WGS 84 so chart positions must be corrected before marking.
Transfer of oil from a leaking tank may cause the ship to break up.
Which one of the following is an operational spill that may be covered by your SOPEP/SMPEP?
A can of oil knocked over in the deck workshop.
A leaking hydraulic pipe on the steering gear ram.
Automatic shutdown of the oily water separator by the bilge monitor.
Which one of the following is the correct full name for a SMPEP?
Solvent and Methane Pollution Evaluation Policy.
Ships and Marine Pollution Emergency Plan.
Ship and Mariner Prevention Evaluation Policy.
Shipboard Marine Pollution Emergency Plan.
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Январь, 04, 2022 1020 0
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