.

Personal protection of crew on Gas Carriers

The work of the gas tanker crew is fraught with dangers, and everyone onboard should have personal protective equipment, like gloves, goggles, respirators etc.

Protective equipment

For protection of crew members engaged in loading and discharging operations, suitable protective equipment including eye protection should be provided taking into account the character of the products.

Safety equipment

Sufficient, but not less than two complete sets of safety equipment in addition to the fire-fighter’s outfits required by “Fire protection and Fire extinction on Liquefied Gas Carriers”Fire-Fighter’s outfits each permitting personnel to enter and work in a gas-filled space, should be provided.

One complete set of safety equipment should consist of:

  1. one self-contained air-breathing apparatus not using stored oxygen, having a capacity of at least 1 200 R of free air;
  2. protective clothing, boots, gloves and tight-fitting goggles;
  3. fire proof life line with belt;
  4. and explosion-proof lamp.

An adequate supply of compressed air should consist either of:

  1. one set of fully charged spare air-bottles for each breathing apparatus required in list above;
  2. a special air compressor suitable for the supply of high pressure air of the required purity;
  3. and a charging manifold capable of dealing with sufficient spare breathing apparatus air-bottles for the breathing apparatus required in list above;
  4. or fully charged spare air-bottles with a total free air capacity of at least 6 000 litres for each breathing apparatus required above.

Alternatively, the Administration may accept a low pressure air line system with hose connections suitable for use with the breathing apparatus required above. This system should provide sufficient high pressure air capacity to supply, through pressure reduction devices, enough low pressure air to enable two men to work in a gas dangerous space for at least one hour without using the air-bottles of the breathing apparatus. Means should be provided for recharging the fixed air-bottles and the breathing apparatus air-bottles from a special air compressor suitable for the supply of high pressure air of the required purity.

Example of personal protection
Standard personal protection equipment (PPE)

Protective equipment required in “Protective equipment” and safety equipment as required in “Safety equipment” should be kept in suitable, clearly marked lockers in readily accessible places.

The compressed air equipment should be inspected at least once a month by a responsible officer and the inspection recorded in the ship’s log book, and inspected and tested by an expert at least once a year.

First aid equipment

A stretcher which is suitable for hoisting an injured person from spaces below deck, should be kept in a readily accessible location. The ship should have on board medical first-aid equipment, including oxygen resuscitation equipment and antidotes for cargoes to be carried Reference is made to the medical First Aid Guide for Use in Accidents involving Dangerous Goods (MFAG) which provide advice on the treatment of casualties in accordance with the symptoms exhibited as well as equipment and antidotes that may be appropriate for treating the casualty.x.

Personnel protection requirements for individual products

Provisions of “Personal protection requirements for individual products” are applicable to ships carrying products for which those paragraphs are listed in column “i” in the table of Summary of Minimum RequirementsSummary of Minimum Requirements for LNG and LPG tankers.

Respiratory and eye protection suitable for emergency escape purposes should be provided for every person on board subject to the following:

  1. filter type respiratory protection is unacceptable;
  2. self-contained breathing apparatus should normally have a duration of service of at least 15 minutes;
  3. emergency escape respiratory protection should not be used for fire-fighting or cargo handling purposes and should be marked to that effect;
  4. two additional sets of the above respiratory and eye protection should be permanently located in the navigating bridge.

Note: For ships subject to the requirements of the Government Regulation only type approved emergency escape respiratory protection is to be used.

Suitably marked decontamination showers and an eye wash should be available on deck in convenient locations. The showers and eye wash should be operable at all ambient conditions (i.e. also below 0 °C).

In ships of a cargo capacity of 2 000 m3 and over two complete sets of safety equipment should be provided in addition to the equipment required by “Fire protection and Fire extinction on Liquefied Gas Carriers”Fire-Fighter’s outfits and “Protective equipment”. At least three charged spare air-bottles should be provided for each self-contained air-breathing apparatus required in this paragraph.

Personnel should be protected against the effects of a major cargo release by the provision of a space within the accommodation area designed and equipped to the satisfaction of the Administration. For certain highly dangerous products, cargo control rooms should be of the gas-safe type only.

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