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LNG & LPG

LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) and LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) are two types of gases which are go through a process of liquefaction for transportation and storage purposes. Although similar in their liquid state, they differ significantly in composition, usage, and production methods.

LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas)

LNG is primarily methane (CH4) gas that has been cooled to a temperature of approximately -162 degrees Celsius (-260 degrees Fahrenheit). At this temperature, methane condenses into a liquid form, which takes up about 1/600 th of the volume it occupies as a gas at standard atmospheric temperature and pressure. This significant reduction in volume makes LNG economical to transport over long distances where pipelines are not feasible, such as across oceans. LNG is used mainly for heating and as a fuel for electricity generation and is increasingly used in the transportation sector, especially for ships and heavy-duty vehicles.

LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas)

LPG is a mixture of propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10), gases that are found naturally in crude oil and natural gas. LPG is produced during natural gas processing and oil refining. It is stored and transported in liquid form under moderate pressure, which makes it easier to store and handle compared to LNG. LPG is widely used as a fuel for heating, cooking, and in vehicles. It is also used in industrial applications and is a popular choice for portable cooking and heating equipment in areas not connected to a natural gas network.

Both LNG and LPG play crucial roles in the global energy supply, offering cleaner alternatives to traditional fossil fuels like coal and oil. They contribute significantly to reducing emissions and air pollution in various applications.

Financing an Liquefied Natural Gas Export Project 8
Knowledge and understanding of tanker safety culture and safety management 15
Liquefied Natural Gas and Gas Contracts 12
Analyzing the Dynamics of LNG Pricing: Regional Markets, Indexation, and Recent Challenges 19
Philosophy and general requirements in the gas industry 52
Chemical Composition and Physical Properties of Liquefied Gases 37
Environment, Social Impact and Safety 42
Preparation and Execution Cargo Operations LNG and LPG 47
Top LNG Carrier Builders in Marine Industry 23
Quality control of cargo handling work in LNG carriers 72
Resource Reserve Estimate in LNG Project Development Phases 27
Accidents Involving LNG and LPG Storage Tanks 46
The role of the government in ensuring the development of the gas sector, key factors and principles 39
Safety Liquefied Gas of Marine Transportation 50
Types of LNG Project Structuring 30
LNG Ship-to-Ship Transfer Process 46
Domestic market for relationships on LNG sales 37
Conducting key ship operations – general information 61
LNG and Domestic Gas Value Chains 27
Public awareness and concerns about LNG 46
Shore Natural Gas Storage Tanks 57
Critical review of components of the LNG import system 82
Indonesia LNG Export Companies – Infrastructure, Trends, and Future Projects 39
Global gas market and history of LNG/LPG consumption 47
Australia LNG Export Companies – Infrastructure, Trends, and Future Projects 31
Ports, Terminals and Jetties – Role and Significance 59
Environmental management of ships during transportation of LNG/LPG gases 58
Other Characteristics Specific to Liquefied Gas Tankers 80
Liquefied Natural Gas Carrier Market Insights 40
Various Types of Liquefied Gas Tankers 66
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