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Crew Evaluation System CBT test online for seamans about Report Writing (Maritime English)

Welcome to the website where you can pass online the Computer Based Test (CBT) also known as Crew Evaluation System (CES) on the subject «Maritime English, Report Writing». Practice like this will help you as a marine specialist improve your knowledge with the help of online studying and appraisal practice. CES/CBT based on practical information and marine specialists experience.

CES & CBT tests developed for evaluating seaman basic knowledge by Seagull Company (rebranded as «OTG»), is an evaluating online-tool, used for revealing any professional preparation needed in specific fields of knowledge, defined by STCW.

CES tests have proven themselves as good tools for the selection and recruitment process, as well as advancing the level of knowledge of the current officers and crew. Ocean Technologies Group use various subjects for question creation, which includes:

  • Crowd and Crisis Management;
  • Integrated Navigation System (INS);
  • Ballast water management;
  • Handling and Stowage;
  • Vessel operation management and safety;
  • Marine engineering;
  • Maintenance and repair, etc.

Current test contains Seagull CES questions on the subject «Maritime English, Report Writing». Those questions can be used for competence verification specialist capable of preventing accidental situations related with transporting safety, or also for self-examination.

«Maritime English, Report Writing» subject includes theoretical and practical information about report writing in maritime english. Knowledge of this information directly shows employee’s competence who holds a relevant post on a vessel, provides to make reports correctly, describe occurred situations clearly taking into account the specifics of being on a ship.

On this site Crew Evaluation System Test on the subject «Maritime English, Report Writing» contains 80 questions you need to answer with no possibility to go back to previous question. Therefore, we recommend carefully reading each question and making decision with no hurry. In case you have some difficulty answering, you have also possibility to request a hint.

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Start test
A cook slipped and fell in the galley. What should not be stated in a report covering this accident? Select all applicable answers:
The cook slipped.
The cook slipped and fell.
The cook slipped because he was wearing improper footwear.
In my opinion the cook slipped.
In my opinion the cook lost his balance.
Next question
With respect to the ISM Code, what should companies ensure? Select all applicable answers:
Inspections are held at appropriate intervals.
Records are maintained.
Appropriate corrective action is taken.
Non-conformities are reported upon.
Non-conformities are addressed prior to the next port of call.
Show result
A cook slipped and hurt himself in the galley. What information would not be required in a report? Select all applicable answers:
He had been preparing breakfast prior to the accident.
The second cook had been assisting with preparing breakfast.
He was wearing improper footwear.
He slipped.
He also hurt his head whilst falling.
Next question
A ship has lost its bow. Why would it be necessary to state that upon departure from the load port, there remaining 200 tonnes of ballast in the fore peak tank? Select all applicable answers:
Due to the circumstances of the accident, it was a pertinent fact.
Because that was the status of the vessel’s tanks upon departure from the load port.
Because it is a mandatory reporting requirement.
Next question
Although designed for verbal communications, what can you refer to for report writing purposes?
Webster’s dictionary.
The GMDSS handbook.
Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP).
The Bridge Procedures guide.
Next question
At what stage of report writing would you collect photographs or hand-sketches surrounding an event?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
At what stage of report writing would you ask someone to identify confusing parts of your report and verify its accuracy?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
At what stage of report writing would you connect the facts and replace complex sentences or words using simple language?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
At what stage of report writing would you interview witnesses and gather details regarding an event?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
At which stage of report writing is a report modified from being writer-friendly to reader-friendly?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
At which stage of report writing should you proofread for language and grammar?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
Based upon what should you make recommendations in your report?
Past experience.
The nature of damage.
The cause of damage.
The extent of damage.
Witness accounts.
The opinions of the ship’s safety committee.
Next question
Before starting to write a report what should you decide upon? Select all applicable answers:
The report audience.
Collecting witness statements.
Whether the report covers an accident or incident, a near miss, hazard or a non-conformance.
Whether or not photographs were taken.
Next question
Captain Pitroda often confuses the word “weather” with “whether”. At which stage of the report writing process should he identify and correct this mistake?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
Captain Pollock usually writes long and complicated sentences in his report. At which stage of the report writing process should he simplify the language in his report?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
Chief Engineer Melville needs to include photographs of the damaged turbocharger, taken by the Second Engineer, into his report. At which stage of the report writing process should he collect this evidence?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
How should ship positions be reported? Select all applicable answers:
By describing the area in which the ship is.
As a bearing from a charted object.
In terms of latitude and longitude.
By the ship’s distance from the nearest port.
As a bearing from another ship.
Next question
How should time and date(s) be written in a report? Select all applicable answers?
The ship struck an iceberg on the 4th at 5 in the evening.
The Master summoned the crew at 9 the next morning.
The Master summoned the crew at 9 pm.
The Master summoned the crew at 05:02 hours on the 4th March 2004.
Next question
How should your reports be written?
In the past tense.
In the correct chronological order.
In the present tense.
In order of the importance of events.
Next question
In a ship damage report, why is it necessary to clarify that there were two second mates on board? Select all applicable answers:
Because this might need clarification by investigators in future.
Because if not clarified, the reported actions of one second mate may be confused with the actions of the orders.
Because if not clarified, someone reading the report might assume there was only one second mate on board.
Because the duties of each second mate are different.
Next question
In which stage of writing process is it advisable to put all your thoughts on paper without worrying about punctuation and spellings?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
Prior to an incident, a verbal agreement had been made between an oil terminal and a vessel. Why would it be necessary to state this fact in your report? Select all applicable answers:
To emphasise that nothing was agreed in writing.
Because the verbal agreement constituted a non-conformity.
Because it was a normal practice carried out by this specific vessel.
Because both the vessel and terminal were bound by this verbal agreement.
Next question
The sudden operational failure of which of the following could result in a hazardous situation on board? Select all applicable answers:
Steering gear or associated pumps.
Navigation lights at night.
Inert gas scrubber during cargo operations.
Emergency generator during routine testing.
Emergency fire pump during a port state inspection.
Next question
What action is required where there is a major non-conformance?
Future corrective action.
Immediate corrective action.
A log entry.
An emergency on board safety meeting.
Next question
What are accidents? Select all applicable answers:
Unintentional and undesirable events.
Uncontrollable events.
Events that always lead to loss of life.
Next question
What are hazards? Select all applicable answers:
Compromising situations during an operation where the outcome could result in an accident or incident.
Situations that expose a ship to an element of risk.
Situations that expose ship’s personnel, equipment or cargo to an element of risk.
Compromising situations during an operation where the outcome resulted in an accident.
Compromising situations during an operation where the outcome resulted in an incident.
Next question
What are incidents? Select all applicable answers:
Events that lead to injury.
Events that lead to loss of life.
Events that lead to damage of a ship.
Events that occur due to certain developments spinning out of control during an operation.
Next question
What are near-misses? Select all applicable answers:
Unforeseen events and occurrences.
Incidents that do not lead to accidents.
Unplanned events that often occur due to certain developments spinning out of control during an operation.
Occurrences that happen due to developments spinning out of control during an operational phase.
Next question
What are non-conformances?
Compromising situations in which the outcome could have resulted in an accident or incident.
Compromising situations in which the outcome resulted in an accident or incident.
Unintentional and undesired events.
Departures from the requirements specified in a ship’s SMS.
Departures from standard shipboard procedures.
Next question
What do you understand by “Lagging and other debris were found strewn around the main engine top plates?” Select all applicable answers:
Lagging and other debris were found scattered around the main engine top plates.
Lagging and other debris were found lying around the main engine top plates.
Lagging and other debris were found all around the main engine top plates.
Lagging and other debris were found to have damaged the main engine top plates.
Next question
What do you understand by “The engine room was operating unmanned at the time of the explosion”. Select all applicable answers:
The engine room was unmanned at the time of the explosion.
There was no one in the engine room at the time of the explosion.
There was only one man in the engine room, at the time of the explosion.
The engine control room was unmanned.
Next question
What do you understand by “Thevenard pilot advised the vessel to anchor further to seaward”?
The vessel was advised to anchor towards the sea.
The vessel was advised to anchor away from its present position.
The vessel was advised to anchor further to the sea from its present position.
Thevenard pilot advised the vessel to proceed to sea.
Next question
What do you wish to convey by saying “The vessel was extremely sluggish”?
The vessel was extremely slow-moving.
The vessel was rolling heavily.
The vessel did not respond to rudder movements.
The vessel listing heavily.
Next question
What does the word “there” indicate? Select all applicable answers:
Something belonging to more than one person.
A location, such as the engine room or accommodation.
They are.
Next question
What is an accident? Select all applicable answers:
An intentional event.
An event that does not, necessarily, lead to environmental pollution.
An event that causes damage to cargo.
An event that causes injury.
Next question
What is an incident? Select all applicable answers:
An event consistent with an acceptable set of standards.
An accidental event that does not cause harm or damage.
An accidental event that often happens due to certain developments spinning out of control during an operation.
An accidental event inconsistent with an acceptable set of standards.
Next question
What is the Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP) booklet designed for?
Verbal communications.
Native English speakers.
Non-native English speakers.
Report writing.
Next question
What is the purpose of a narrative report?
To briefly describe an event or sequence of events that occurred.
To provide a factual written account of an event or sequence of events that occurred.
To provide a verbal account of an event or sequence of events that occurred.
To provide an account from a witness of an event or sequence of events that occurred.
Next question
What is the significance of report writing? Select all applicable answers:
So that facts are recorded.
To make recommendations so that similar accidents can be avoided in future.
To make recommendations for corrective action to be taken.
To comment on certain events that occur on board.
Next question
What is the significance of reporting that the Chief Engineer ordered the isolation of power supplies to the forecastle? Select all applicable answers:
To provide information on the Chief Engineer’s actions.
Because this information could be useful in further investigations.
To comply with ISM reporting requirements.
To comply with the company’s reporting procedures.
Next question
What should accompany your reports? Select all applicable answers:
Photographs.
Witness statements.
Hand sketches.
The ship’s logbook.
Crew list.
Ship’s particulars.
Next question
What should your recommendation include?
A note to circulate the information to all ships.
Corrective action to eliminate the cause of damage.
A letter to the ship’s classification society.
A letter to the ship’s managers.
Next question
What would be the correct response to “What is your present maximum draught?”
My present maximum draught is nine point three meters.
My present draught is six point three meters forward and seven meters aft.
My ship is on an even keel.
My ship is trimmed zero point five metres by the stern.
Next question
What would you do whilst editing your report? Select all applicable answers:
Ensure that the report audience has been identified.
Check spelling, grammar and punctuation.
Ensure all sentences are complete.
Ensure that SMCP phrases have been used.
Next question
What, apart from an unforeseen circumstance, could cause an event to spin out of control?
A non-conformity.
An accident.
A hazard.
An incident.
Next question
Which of the following apply to writing a “near-miss” report? Select all applicable answers:
When circumstances result in almost damaging your ship.
When circumstances result in almost damaging the environment.
When a ship is not safely moored at her berth.
When tugs are not available to hold a ship alongside her berth.
When crew members have no idea of limitations to mooring equipment.
Next question
Which of the following are essential report writing steps? Select all applicable answers:
Deciding on the report format.
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Photographing.
Sketching.
Next question
Which of the following are incidents? Select all applicable answers:
A fire in the main engine scavenge space.
An oil spill.
A ship damaging the harbour wall.
An error in navigation.
A ship losing its bow.
Next question
Which of the following events are not a “near-miss”?
An accidental event resulting from developments spinning out of control.
An accidental event that nearly caused harm or damage.
An accidental event, inconsistent with an acceptable set of standards.
A situation where the outcome resulted in an accident.
Next question
Which of the following makes it mandatory for ships to report non-conformities, accidents, and hazardous occurrences?
MARPOL 73/78.
SOLAS 74.
The ISM Code.
Company’s instructions.
Next question
Which of the following would require you to write a “near-miss” report? Select all applicable answers:
Dangerous cargo vapours exposed to a naked flame but fail to result in an explosion.
When certain procedures could have led to a cargo hold fire, but didn’t.
When there is an outbreak of fire.
When a naked flame ignites cargo vapours.
Next question
Which of these are major non-conformances? Select all applicable answers:
Not carrying out risk assessments, where required.
By-passing the oily water separator.
Incorrect entries in the oil record book.
Not issuing “hot work” permits, where required.
Poor records of safety meetings on board.
Non-existent records of safety meetings on board.
Next question
Which of these are minor non-conformances? Select all applicable answers:
Cold work permits records not in order.
Safety meeting records not on board.
Safety procedures not properly carried out.
Material safety data sheets missing.
By-passing the oily water separator.
Next question
Which of these are recommendations? Select all applicable answers:
Loose gear was stowed in the engine-room.
Fire-fighting equipment had not been properly maintained.
Drums of oil should not be stowed in the vicinity of working engine room machinery.
Fire-fighting equipment should be properly maintained, regularly inspected and tested.
Loose gear should not be stowed in the engine-room.
Next question
Which of these events can be categorised as a “near-miss”?
A ship pushed off her berth with a cargo arm attached, but without incident.
A general lack of shipboard safety standards.
A rising flood tide.
Tugs not being available to keep a ship safely moored to her berth.
Next question
Which of these events can be categorised as “incidents”? Select all applicable answers:
Ship collisions.
Crew injury.
Main engine explosion.
Scavenge fire.
Grounding.
Next question
Which of these is not a hazard? Select all applicable answers:
The outcome of a situation that could result in an accident.
The outcome of a situation that could result in an incident.
A ship exposed to risk.
A ship’s personnel exposed to risk.
Crew injury.
Ship collisions.
Next question
Which of these is the correct form of response to the question: “From what direction is your vessel approaching”? Select all applicable answers:
My vessel is approaching from Manila.
My vessel is approaching from the South.
My vessel is approaching from the eastern lighthouse.
From Manila.
Next question
Which of these is the correct form of response to the question: “What is your position”? Select all applicable answers:
In the anchorage.
At the harbour limit.
My position is three point six nautical miles east of Small Island.
My position is fifteen degrees north, ninety-five degrees west.
Next question
Which of these sentences is correct?
The crew were in there mess room at the time of the incident.
The crew were in they’re mess room at the time of the incident.
The crew were in their mess room at the time of the incident.
Next question
Which of these statements does not describe an event?
Surging of main engine turbochargers.
Activation of associated alarms.
Overflow of lubricating oil.
Overflow of boiler feed water.
Associated alarm lights.
Lubricating oil and boiler feed water.
Next question
Which of these statements is correct?
The ship passed throughout the straits of Gibraltar.
The ship passed through the straits of Gibraltar.
The ship passed threw the straits of Gibraltar.
The ship through the straits of Gibraltar.
Next question
Which of these statements is correct?
The crew searched for the missing seaman in vain.
The crew searched in vane for the missing seaman.
The crew searched in vein for the missing seaman.
Next question
Which of these statements is correct?
“Vein” refers to a part of the body through which blood flows.
“Vene” refers to a part of the body through which blood flows.
“Vain” refers to a part of the body through which blood flows.
“Vane” refers to a part of the body through which blood flows.
Next question
Which of these statements is correct?
Whose hand-writing is this?
Who’s hand-writing is this?
Who hand-writing is this?
Who’s’e hand-writing this?
Next question
Which stage of the report writing process is appropriate for checking spellings and correcting punctuations?
Pre-writing.
Drafting.
Revising.
Editing.
Next question
Why are many near-misses not reported? Select all applicable answers:
Because near-misses come close to things going wrong when, in fact, they don’t.
Because of the misconception that if something didn’t go wrong, there is no need to report it.
Because an individual’s competency might be questioned.
Because there is no need to report a near-miss.
Because a near-miss situation cannot be used as a learning tool.
Next question
Why are photographs an important tool with regard to report writing? Select all applicable answers:
It is standard practice to add photographs to a report.
It is a statutory requirement to add photographs to a report.
Because photographs capture minor details that you may not have noticed or recorded.
Because they may serve as evidence in a court of law.
Next question
Why are recommendations important in narrative reports? Select all applicable answers:
So that the company will take appropriate corrective action.
So that the company may update its SMS for the benefit of other ships.
So that a ship owner can decide who is responsible for the accident.
So that the report is complete in all respects.
Next question
Why is a ship that loses its bow termed an accident? Select all applicable answers:
Because it is an undesired event.
Because it leads to disastrous consequences.
Because it might occur during an operational phase of the ship.
Because it might result from an incident.
Next question
Why is it mandatory to report a “near miss”?
Because it is company requirement.
Because it is an ISM Code requirement.
Because it is a port-state control requirement.
Because it is a flag-state requirement.
Next question
Why is it necessary for narrative reports to be accurately written? Select all applicable answers:
So that a person who was not involved with the occurrence can understand clearly what the report coveys.
So that there is a clear record of events that occurred.
So that there are no conflicting statements regarding dates or times of certain important events.
So that a person’s report writing skills can be improved upon.
Next question
Why is it useful to maintain a diary of keywords as and when events are occurring? Select all applicable answers:
So that the important aspects of an incident can be recorded.
So that minor details can be easily recalled.
So that you can use the notes to complete your reports.
So that you can use the diary of keywords as evidence in the court.
Because it is mandatory to do so.
Next question
Why is there a need to standardise Maritime English? Select all applicable answers:
So that there is no misunderstanding between persons of different nationality and mother-tongue.
So that verbal and written communications can be understood, internationally.
To standardise navigational and safety communications between ships and shore.
So that there is effective communication between shore managers.
Next question
Why should photographs support your report?
Because it is standard practice throughout the shipping industry.
Because it is a statutory requirement for photographs to accompany a narrative report.
Because photographs complement the text of a narrative report.
Because the person ashore needs photographs more than the narrative report.
Next question
Why would an oil spill be termed an incident?
Because the spillage would have been consistent with an acceptable set of standards.
Because the spillage would not have been controlled.
Because the spillage would not have been foreseen.
Because the spillage would have been inconsistent with an acceptable set of standards.
Next question
Why would an outbreak of fire in a main engine scavenge space be termed an incident? Select all applicable answers:
Because the fire would have occurred from developments whilst operating the main engine.
Because the fire would not have been controlled.
Because the fire would not have been foreseen.
Because the fire would not have occurred from developments whilst operating the main engine.
Next question
Why would it be necessary to report that a Master makes no mention to authorities of (a) damage to a vessel such as loss of its bow or (b) oil pollution incident? Select all applicable answers:
To comply with a company’s reporting procedures.
To comply with the ISM Code requirements.
To provide facts to the report audience.
Because the information could be required in follow-up investigations.
Next question
Why would it be necessary to report that despite a ballast pump taking suction from a forepeak tank, the level of water in the tank remained constant? Select all applicable answers:
Because the ballast pump suddenly loses suction.
Because it would indicate that the forepeak might be open to the sea.
Because it would indicate that there was a problem with the forepeak.
Because it was logged in the ship’s logbook.
Next question
Why would it be necessary to report upon a Master’s instructions to abandon ship? Select all applicable answers:
Because the instructions would be in accordance with safety procedures.
Because this is important information that could be useful in any follow-up investigations.
Because it is part of a report format.
Because this type of information is required under the ISM Code.
Next question
* In some questions may be more, than one right answer.
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