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LPG Newbuilding Site Team Supervision & Training: An optional extra?

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As statistic shows, demand in LPG ships significantly grows every year. This article explains basic information for site team about training requirements, aims of training, health and safety risks, rules etc.

What happening?

According to estimates from BIMCO/ISF, there will be a shortfall of 27 000 officers by the year 2015. Within this deficit, the shortage of seafaring officers will be most acute for very specialized ships like liquefied gas carriers and chemical tankers.

Graph of LPG fleet number
Total LPG fleet development number
Source: Clarkson Research Services Limited
Graph of increasing orders
LPG Order book Number

Training requirements

  • Ships
    STCW Code Part A/A-V/1
    LIQUEFIED GAS TANKER TRAINING PROGRAMME. The specialized training program referred to in paragraph 2.2 of regulation V/1 appropriate to the duties on liquefied gas tankers shall provide theoretical and practical knowledge of the subjects specified in paragraphs 23 to 34 below.
  • Management
    ISM Code Part 2 Ch. 6
    6.5. The Company should establish and maintain procedures for identifying any training which may be required in support of the SMS and ensure that such training is provided for all personnel concerned.
  • Industry
    SIGTTO – Crew Safety Standards & Training
    LNG Published 2003. LPG currently under development.
  • LPG vessel in service
    • There are clear requirements, guidelines and expected minimum level of knowledge of those personnel involved in the operation and management.

Manning at sea is an issue however there are well established requirements and training courses available for LPG Shipping.

What else?

  • Increase in Shipbuilding.
  • 2003-04 was 81 % greater than 2000-01.
  • 2006-Oct 2007 increased 41 %.
  • Unprecedented change in rules and legislation.
    • Common structural rules;
    • Performance standards for protective coatings;
    • Construction standards;
    • Shipbuilding inspection standards;
    • Future IMO goal based standards.


Building is a partnership involving:

  • Shipyard.
  • Owner.
  • Classification society.

Each party has a distinct role:

  • Shipyard – quality of the product.
  • Class – that it meets the required rules & regulations.
  • Owner – that it is built to contract specification.

Newbuilding resources


  • Building is core business, recruitment and training essential work of the shipyard.

Classification society:

  • Survey under construction is core business, training is an essential part.
  • Many legal requirements to train and update, through Administrations, IACS etc.

Ship owner site team:

  • Owners inspectors needed as part of the team. Many inspectors come from seagoing background but unaware of LPG newbuilding process and Issues.
  • The newbuilding site team experience is valuable but an understanding of the process and issues around LPG vessel construction is necessary.
  • The LPG vessel seagoing experience is valuable but further knowledge is necessary.
  • Train before arrival to enable the site manager to concentrate on his role looking after the working of his part of the newbuilding team.

Aims of training

  • Provide inspectors with a clear understanding of their individual and joint, roles and responsibilities.
  • Provide inspectors with clear understanding of the roles and responsibility of other organisations.
  • Provide inspectors with clear understanding of the applicable rules and regulations.
  • Provide inspectors with clear understanding of the process and issues with construction of LPG vessels.
Photo of Training Room
Training Room

Key content

Basic Training Module. (3 days):

Possible risks
Shipyard health and safety

Health and Safety Advice Reminder

In order to maintain the high standards of Health and Safety that the company seeks to maintain in this shipyard, you are asked to study the following and comply with its requirements during your stay in the shipyard.

  • In the event of shipyard/vessel emergency arising during your visit the following signal(s) will be given [give details]. In such an event you should take the following action [give details].
  • Protect yourself by wearing the following protective clothing whilst visiting the shipyard.
  • Boiler Suit, Safety Helmet, Safety Shoes, Safety Glasses, Dust Mask (as applicable).
  • Watch where you walk, in particular:
    • In the shipyard workshops walkways are clearly marked. Keep to them.
    • Stay clear of locations where lifting or working is going on overhead.
    • Watch out for vehicles and mobile plant of all types. They may be driven with excessive speed, restricted driver visibility, and outside of the marked roadways, possibly without visible or audible warnings operational.
  • Stay well clear or work involving open grinding, disking and gas/arc welding.
  • Particularly on board ship look out for tripping hazards and unguarded openings both alongside you and on deck. Trips and falls are a major source of shipyard injuries.
  • If you are using ladders and staging ensure they are adequately secured, that there are no missing planks, and that guard-rails are in place. If faults are noticed, keep off.
  • Electrical equipment should be treated with caution. Take note of the following:
    • Shipyard working supply cables are sometimes not properly insulated.
    • Shipyard electrical cubicles are sometimes left open exposing live bus bars and terminals.
    • Shipyard electrical cubicles may have internal ground faults but lack a good external earth connection. Such cubicles may be “live” and will give a shock if touched.
    • During commissioning the ships electric’s may be unsafe.
    • “Keeping clear and avoiding contact are the best precautions”.
  • Do not go unescorted into tanks and void spaces, your whereabouts will not be known by the Site Team and the access ways or atmospheres may be unsafe. Advise Site Staff in advance of your intended visit locations in the shipyard and on board ship. Stay out of restricted areas.
  • When on board the vessel carries a flashlight, some areas may be poorly lit and lighting is liable to be extinguished without notice.
  • Medical aid is available in the shipyard at [location]. A first aid kit is available in the Site office.
  • Shipyard safety personnel are identified by [give details]. Follow their instructions at all times.
  • If you see an accident, dangerous act or hazard, ensure it is notified to site staff.
  • If you are going to use a site team car to drive in/out or around the shipyard, take note of the following driving and road safety precautions [give details].
  • Smoking is strictly controlled and is only permitted in designated locations i. e. [give details].

The above list is not exhaustive. Remember that you are in a dangerous environment.

Key documents

Shipyard Standards
Shipyard Standards:

TYPE 43.A 60 class steel bulk. VTT-0809-MED-0167 Sept. 20.2005-ROCKWOOL R. I. N. A. – CCEI030I/4 March 8, 2006 – M. I. T. F.
TYPE 44.A 60 class deck VTT-0809-MED-0166 Sept. 28.2005-ROCKWOOL R. I. N. A. – CCEI030I/2 March 8, 2006 – M. I. T. F.


  1. Rockwool according to recognized type.
  2. M. I. T. F. according to recognized type applied only on steel without Rockwool R. I. N. A – CCEI030I/4 Sept. 21.2004.
  3. Aluminium sheet.
  4. Iron stud bent according to recognized type.
  5. Calv. steel plague.
Photo of folders
Contract specifications

Key rules and requirements

Photo of the book
Class Rules
Various regulations
International regulations
Requirements of the Flag State
Statutory Requirements
Clear simple flow charts
Overview of the different disciplines
Safety beamsSafetyMaterial certificates
Structural Fire Protection, SFP
Safety monitoring and control systems
Firefighting systems
Life Saving Appliances LSA
Photo of the tanksCryogenicContainment Systems
Structure conditionsStructure/steelBasic knowledge in Metallurgy
Deck Fairing
Welding methods, techniques and processes
None Destructive Testing, (NDT)
Paint coatingCoatingCoating preparation
Coating types
Tank passport
Common Faults/Issues
Pipe systemPiping & MachineryIntroduction to pipe work
Class of piping systems
Material choice
Pipe joints and welding
Hydro testing & Flushing
Electrical terminalElectricalMedium voltage
Low voltage
Control systems
Insulation Resistance (IR) testing
Earth Bonding
Ship InspectionInspection of the shipWork office
Inspection & Test procedures. Site Office Management
Ship comissionPhoto of the Vessel
Commissioning. Sea Trials.

Summary content

  • Overview of the different disciplines.
  • Shipyard health and safety.
  • Key documents.
  • Key rules and requirements.
  • Inspection & Test procedures.
  • Commissioning & Sea Trials.
  • Give Inspectors the knowledge to work as a team.
  • Understanding of each other’s roles and problems.
  • Enable efficient patrol and inspection regimes.
  • Improve communication.
  • Improve health and safety.
  • Improve the quality and satisfaction with the end product.
  • Identify any need for specialised training.


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Ноябрь, 01, 2022 276 0
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